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Redfin Reports Nearly 20% of San Francisco Home Sellers Take a Loss on Their Sale, More Than Four Times the National Share

In San Francisco, the typical seller who’s parting ways with their home for less than they originally paid is losing $155,500. Nationwide, the median loss is roughly $40,000.

(NASDAQ: RDFN) — Nearly one of five (17.8%) homes that sold in San Francisco during the three months ending February 29 sold at a loss, according to a new report from Redfin (, the technology-powered real estate brokerage. That’s comparable with the 17.9% share hit during the three months ending January 31, which was the highest in 11 years.

That’s a higher share than any other metro, and it’s more than four times the national share of 4.3%. The national share of sellers taking a loss is the highest it has been since May 2021, but the share has been fairly stable over the past two years, hovering between 2% and 4.5%.

In San Francisco, the typical homeowner who sold at a loss parted with their home for $155,500 less than they bought it for, the largest dollar loss of any major metro. Nationwide, the median loss was $39,912.

This is according to a Redfin analysis of county records and MLS data across the 50 most populous U.S. metros.

Some San Francisco sellers are losing money because they bought when prices peaked during the pandemic

San Francisco home sellers are far more likely than sellers in the rest of the country to lose money because home prices there have dropped dramatically since the pandemic homebuying boom. Still, the Bay Area is home to the most expensive real estate market in the U.S.

San Francisco’s median sale price peaked at $1.66 million in April 2022, and has since fallen 15% ($250,000) to $1.41 million as of February. The typical person who bought in San Francisco at nearly any point in 2021 or 2022, when the housing market was red hot due to ultra-low mortgage rates, would have taken a loss if they sold during the first few months of this year.

Local Redfin Premier agent Christine Chang said San Francisco’s market is stumbling more than other parts of the Bay Area. “Home prices have fallen from their peak, especially when it comes to condos,” Chang said. “It’s not just because mortgage rates are high. San Francisco has lost some of its appeal post-pandemic. A lot of tech employers and big-name retailers have moved out of the city, and some of my clients have reported they’re leaving the area because they don’t feel as safe as they used to.”

It’s worth noting that most San Francisco homeowners who bought during the last two to three years are hanging on to their home. Some of the homeowners who are selling are likely doing so because a life event such as divorce or job relocation has necessitated it.

It’s also worth noting that San Francisco home prices have swung up after hitting a low point of $1.28 million in January 2023, when prices were declining in the face of elevated mortgage rates and tepid demand. Home sellers would likely fetch a higher price now than they would have a year ago.

Over 1 in 10 Detroit sellers take a loss on their home sale

After San Francisco, Detroit had the highest share of homes selling at a loss (10.8%) during the three months ending February 29. It’s followed by three other Rust Belt and Midwestern metros: Cleveland (8.2%), St. Louis (8.1%) and Chicago (7.9%).

Sellers in those places are more likely than most to lose money because, like in San Francisco, home prices have fallen quite a bit from their pandemic peak. In Detroit, for instance, the median sale price is down roughly 20% from its pandemic peak.

Additionally, housing markets in Detroit and Chicago have suffered because they’re typically among the U.S. metros homebuyers are most likely to leave.

Sellers in New England and Southern California least likely to take a loss

Homes were least likely to sell at a loss in Providence, RI, where just 1.2% of homeowners who sold during the three months ending February 29 lost money. It’s followed by Boston, Anaheim, CA, Fort Lauderdale, FL, and San Diego; roughly 2% of homes sold for less than the seller originally paid in each of those metros.

In dollar terms, homeowners who sold their home for less than they originally paid lost the least in metros where homes are inexpensive compared to most of the country: Pittsburgh and Kansas City, MO (-$15,000) come first, followed by Detroit (-$16,812), Houston ($-16,990) and Milwaukee (-$18,000).

The vast majority of sellers are making money on their home sale

Even in San Francisco, where roughly 18% of sellers who part ways with their home are losing money, more than four in five (82%) sellers are selling for more than they bought for. The typical San Francisco seller sold for $482,000 more than their purchase price during the three months ending February 29.

Nationwide, about 96% of sellers are earning money on their sale, with a median gain of $196,016. Today’s sellers are likely to sell their home for more than they bought it for because the median U.S. home-sale price is just 5% below the all-time high set in mid-2022. The median U.S. sale price is more than $100,000 higher (+40%) than before the pandemic began.

To view the full report, including charts, methodology, and more metro-level data, please visit:

About Redfin

Redfin ( is a technology-powered real estate company. We help people find a place to live with brokerage, rentals, lending, title insurance, and renovations services. We run the country's #1 real estate brokerage site. Our customers can save thousands in fees while working with a top agent. Our home-buying customers see homes first with on-demand tours, and our lending and title services help them close quickly. Customers selling a home can have our renovations crew fix it up to sell for top dollar. Our rentals business empowers millions nationwide to find apartments and houses for rent. Since launching in 2006, we've saved customers more than $1.6 billion in commissions. We serve more than 100 markets across the U.S. and Canada and employ over 4,000 people.

Redfin’s subsidiaries and affiliated brands include: Bay Equity Home Loans®, Rent.™, Apartment Guide®, Title Forward® and WalkScore®.

For more information or to contact a local Redfin real estate agent, visit To learn about housing market trends and download data, visit the Redfin Data Center. To be added to Redfin's press release distribution list, email To view Redfin's press center, click here.


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